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Anatoly KOVLER

 

I. PERSONAL DETAILS

 

Name, forename         KOVLER, ANATOLY

Sex                             male

Date and

place of birth              26 August 1948, Sari-Khassar, Tadjikistan, former USSR

Nationality                 Russian

Marital status              divorced, one son, three grandsons

 

II. EDUCATION AND ACADEMIC AND OTHER QUALIFICATIONS

 

a. Education

 

1966-1971

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO)

 

1973-1977

Post-graduate studies, Institute of Comparative Political Studies, Academy of Sciences of USSR

 

1985

Research studies, Universities of Florence and Bologna (Italy)

 

1988

Research studies, Maison des Sciences de l‘Homme, Paris (France)

 

 

b. Diplomas

 

1971

Diploma of higher education (international relations, law)

 

1978

Diploma of Candidate of Sciences in history (PhD)

 

1991

Diploma of Doctor of Sciences in law

 

1993

Professor diploma

 

 

c. Honorific qualifications

 

1994

Merited Lawyer of the Russian Federation

 

1995

Academician of the Russian Academy of Political Science (Moscow)

 

1998

Associate Member of the International Academy of Comparative Law (Paris)

 

2002

 Prize “Justice” of the National Foundation « Legal Science » (Saint-Petersburg)

 

2009

Prize “Themis” of the Russian Association of Lawyers (Moscow)

 

 

 

III. RELEVANT PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITES

 

a. Judicial activities

 

1977-1978

Scientific editor, Academy of Sciences of USSR

 

1979-1999

Researcher (1979), Senior Researcher (1985), Head of Department (1987), Head of the Centre of Comparative Law (1992), Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences. Specialisation: constitutional law, human rights, anthropology of law.

 

1996-1999

Editor-in-Chief, «State and Law» Review (Moscow)

 

1999-2012

Judge of the European Court of Human Rights elected in respect of Russia

 

2013-2014

Special Advisor of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

 

since 2016

Senior researcher of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation
 

 

 

b. Teaching

 

Teaching in Russia

 

1978-1980

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (Moscow):

introduction to the French law

 

1988-1991

 

Moscow State University «Lomonossov»:

history of legal and political institutions

 

1992-1994

Russian Academy of Management (Moscow) :

theory of law, political marketing

 

1994-1999

 

Academic Legal University at the Institute of State and Law:

anthropology of law

 

1998

High School of Economics (Moscow): comparative jurisprudence

 

1999-2012

Universities of Ekaterinburg, Omsk, Saratov, Saint-Petersburg:

European law (law of the Council of Europe)

 

since 2013

Moscow State University «Lomonossov» and Moscow High School of Economics:

European Convention on Human Rights and the European Court's case- law

 

 

 

Teaching abroad (visiting professor)

 

 Lectures and courses on Russian law, human rights, international law at the following universities:

- University of Florence (Italy) (1985-1987);

- Brussells Free University (Belgium) (1989) ;

- Milan State University (Italy) ( 1990, 1992, 2000, 2003, 2012) ;

- University Aix-Marseille III (France) (1991, 1992, 1998, 2016) ;

- Aristotel University of Thessalonica (Greece) (1992) ;

- Geneva University (Switzerland), (1992) ;

- Georgetown University (Washington, DC, USA) (1993) ;

- European Institute of High International Studies, Nice (France) (1993-1997, 2010-2016);

- University Paris-I Sorbonne (France) (1994-2000) ;

- European College of Parma (Italy) (1994);

- Universities of Pavia and Padua (Italy) (1994-1997) ;

- College of Federalist Studies, Aosta (Italy) (1994-1997);

- University Paris-X Nanterre (France) (1996-1999) ;

- Universities of Antilles and Guyana (Guadeloupe, Martinique) (1997) ;

- Universities of Toulouse (1995-1997, 2011), Montpellier (1998), Bordeaux (1998, 2000), Clermont-Ferrand (2005-2011), Pau (2008)  (France);

- University of Blagoevgrad, Veliko-Tyrnovo (Bulgaria) (1998, 1999);

- Milan Catholic University (Italy) (2000, 2007);

- Uppsala University (Sweden) (2003, 2007);

- Cambridge University (2009);

- University of Greenland (2011);

- Human rights’ summer school René Cassin, Strasbourg (2012-2015).

 

IV. ACTIVITIES AND EXPERIENCE IN THE FIELD OF HUMAN RIGHTS

 

1979-1990

Member of the Commission on Human Rights, Association of Soviet Lawyers

 

1989-1999

Founding Member and Member of Board of Directors, International Foundation « INTERLEGAL » (Moscow):

- legal assistance to social movements and independent candidates for elections;

- legal assistance to the veterans of Afghanistan war.

 

1994-1996, 1999

Founding Member and President of the Scientific Council, Russian Educational Centre of Electoral Technologies:

- training for electoral observers;

- drafting of the Charter of Fair Elections.

 

1993, 1995, 1996

Expert, Association of Peace and Concord:

- monitoring of respect of the citizens’ electoral rights

 

1993-1996

Member of the Council, Human Rights Institute, International Bar Association (London) :

- organisation of seminars in Russia

 

1997, 1998

Visiting professor, “Open Society” Institutes of Kyrghyzstan and Uzbekistan:

- lectures on “human rights in the C.I.S.” and “human rights and islam” for the active members of the human rights organisations of the Central Asia

 

1997-1998

Member of the Council of Europe group of independent experts

- evaluation of the conformity of the Russian legislation in the field of human rights with the Council of Europe standards

 

1998-1999

Expert, Russian Foundation “Legal Reform”:

- project “Legal Culture”: educational programs on human rights through the mass-media

 

1999-2006

Expert and lecturer, Association of the indigenous peoples of the Northern Russia :

- seminars on legal protection of national minorities and indigenous peoples

 

2013-2014

Institute of Law and of Public Policy:

 - seminars for NGO members

 

2013-2015

 

Sakharov Human Rights Foundation:

- seminars on human rights protection

 

 

V. PUBLIC ACTIVITIES

 

No public office, no elected posts, no posts held in a political party or a movement.

 

 

VI. OTHER ACTIVITIES

 

a. Social activities

 

1982-1990

Member of the Presidium, Association of Soviet Lawyers

 

1992-2012

President (1992-1999), Honorary President (since 2000), Association “Russia-France”

 

1992-1999

Founding Member, Humanitarian Centre « Strategy»

 

1993-1999

Founding Member, Discussion Club «Club 93»

 

1999-2003

Member, Moscow Lawyers Club

 

since 1999

Corresponding member of the International Academy of Comparative Law

 

since 2000

Member of the Board of Trustees, Institute of Law and Public Policy (Moscow)

 

2001-2007

Member of the Executive Committee of the International Association of Constitutional Law

 

 

b. Publishing and public education activities

 

1994-2000

Russian Educational Centre of Electoral Technologies:

- publication of the series of brochures for electors and elections’ actors

 

1995-2003

Central Electoral Commission of the Russian Federation:

- publication of electoral law manuals, organisation of seminars

 

1993-2011

Lecturer of the Council of Europe seminars on the European Convention on Human Rights and case-law of the European Court in Saransk, Ulyanovsk, Ekaterinburg, Irkutsk, Saratov, Nizhni Novgorod, Kazan, Yakutsk, Saint-Petersburg, Perm (Russia)

 

2002

Lecturer at the seminar of the Commission “Democracy Through Law” (Venice Commission) «Protection of fundamental rights and freedoms by means of individual complaint», Baku (Azerbaïdjan)

 

2002-2005

“Legal Centre Press” Publishing House (Saint-Petersburg):

- editing of translated works on European Convention on Human Rights and the case-law of the European Court

 

2002-2010

 

Member of Editorial Board, “International Journal of Constitutional Law” (Washington, DC, USA)

 

since 2000

Member of Editorial Board, “Droit et Cultures” Review (France)

 

since 2000

Member of the Scientific Board, “Comparative Constitutional Review” (Moscow)

 

since 2002

“Nota Bene” Publishing House (Moscow):

- scientific guidance of the publications on law and human rights

 

since 2006

Member of the Editorial Board, “Human Rights. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights” (Moscow)

 

since 2013

President of the Editorial Counсil, “ International Justice" Review (Moscow)

 

 

c. Expertise

 

1990-1999

Working groups of the Supreme Soviet, later of the State Duma of Russia, expert on draft laws (on political parties, on electoral rights, on associations, on citizenship etc.)

 

1993

Expert, Constitutional Assembly on the new draft Constitution of Russia

 

1995

Expert in respect of Russia, European Contact Group, Dayton Peace Talks on Bosnia:

- elaboration and expertise of the Constitution of Bosnia and electoral legislation

 

1992, 1993, 1998

Expert of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in particular cases before the Court

 

2014

Expert of the Council of Europe:

- fact-finding mission to Serbia (enforcement of the ECHR judgments)

 

2015

Expert of the «Open Government»

- drafts of laws’ expertise

 

VII. PUBLICATIONS AND OTHER WORKS

 

8 monographs and about 200 scientific publications, including works of the last ten years (selected list):

- Anthropology of Law. Moscow. 2002, 467 p. (in Russian).                    

- European Convention on Human Rights and legal order in Russia.//Rivista internazionale dei diritti del’uomo. Milano, 2000, №2 (in Italian).

- Indigenous peoples in Russia: the right to a different legal status.//Le droit à la différence. Aix-Marseille, 2002 (in French).

- European Convention on Human Rights: its application toward the indigenous peoples.//Custom and Law. Moscow, 2002 (in Russian).

- Constitutional order in the C.I.S. states in the light of the European Convention on Human Rights.// La Réinvention de l’Etat. Démocratie politique et ordre juridique en Europe centrale et orientale. Bruxelles, 2003 (in French).

- Problems of the international law in the decisions of the European Court (legal capacity of the individual and state immunity).//Yearbook of the International Law Association. Saint-Petersburg, 2003 (in Russian).

- Death penalty and case-law of the European Court of Human Rights.//L’impact des décisions de la Cour Européenne des droits de l’homme sur l’activité des cours constitutionnelles est-européennes. Clermont-Ferrand, 2003 (in French).

- Right to a fair trial in the judgements of the European Court.//Protection of fundamental fights and freedoms by means of individual complaint. Baku (in Russian, English and Azerbaijani).

- European Convention on Human Rights and its impact on the legal order in Russia.//The Russian Constitution, 1993-2003. Uppsala, Sweden.,2003 (in Russian and English).

- Anthropology of Law and Legal Pluralism (human rights and rights of peoples in the context of legal pluralism).//Man and Environment. Moscow-Saint-Petersburg, 2003 (in Russian).

- Terrorism and human rights. Rome, 2005 (in Italian).

- Individual as a subject of the international law//International Law of XXI century. Kiev, 2007 (in Russian, Ukrainian and English).

- Human Rights in a Contemporary Society and European Values: Critique of Eurocentrism//EU-Russian Papers. Tallinn-Tartu (Estonia), 2011.

- International Protection Mechanism of Indigenous Peoples//Arctic Governance, Finland-Greenland, 2012, 16 p.

- Limits of interpretation of the notion “restitution of rights” (Article 18 of the European Convention)//Human Rights (Moscow), no.2, 2012 (in Russian).

- La Cour Européenne des droits de l' homme face à la souveraineté d' État//L'Europe en Formation. 2013, no.368, summer 2013.

- La place de la doctrine dans les délibérations//La Cour Européenne et la doctrine. Paris, Pedone, 2013.

 - Elective franchise and its selective interpretation// Human Rights Review. 2013, no.10 (in Russian and English).

- Articles on the ECHR in scientific reviews and books published in 2014-2016.

 

WORKING LANGUAGES:

 

Russian – native

French, English, Italian – fluent

Turkish, German, Spanish – reading

© Council of Europe 2007-2017