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Professor INETA ZIEMELE

 

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE


Current positions

  • 2017 - President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia
  • 2015 - Justice of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia
  • 2017 - Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration
  • 2015 - ad hoc Judge from Latvia at the European Court of Human Rights
  • 2009 - Professor of International Law and Human Rights at the Riga Graduate School of Law.


Previous posts held

  • 2012 – 2014: President of a Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights
  • 2005 – 2014: Judge of the European Court of Human Rights
  • 2006 – 2009: Visiting Professor at the Riga Graduate School of Law
  • 2001–2005: Söderberg Professor of International Law and Human Rights at the Riga Graduate School of Law
  • 2001 – 2005: Visiting Professor at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (Sweden)
  • 1999–2001: Programme Adviser at the Human Rights Directorate General of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France)
  • 1995–1999: Founding Director of the Human Rights Institute at the Faculty of Law, University of Latvia, and Lecturer on international and European law at the Department of International and Maritime Law
  • 1995: Advisor to the Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia
  • 1993–1995: Assistant at the Department of Theory and History of Law and the Department of International and Maritime Law of the Faculty of Law, University of Latvia
  • 1992–1995: Advisor to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Saeima [Parliament] of the Republic of Latvia
  • 1990 –1992: Assistant to a member of the Saeima of the Republic of Latvia


Councils, boards, commissions, expert work

  • 2017 – Corresponding Member of the Latvian Academy of Science
  • 2014 – 2016: European Society of International Law (ESIL), member of the board (also between 2004 – 2012)
  • 2016: Lecturer at the European University Institute Summer Academy (Florence, Italy)
  • 2012 and 2015: Lecturer at Rene Cassin International Institute of Human Rights (Strasbourg, France)
  • 2012 – 2017: Member of the Scientific Council of the European University Institute (Italy)
  • 2011–2012: Member of the Working Group on E-health in the European Union headed by the President of Estonia T.H.Ilves and established by the European Commission
  • 2010 - Commission of Experts of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Latvian Academy of Sciences
  • 2007–2013: Member of the Committee of Experts on Constitutional Law established by the President of Latvia
  • 2004 – 2005: Member of the Commission of Strategic Analysis under the Auspices of the President of Latvia
  • 2004 – 2005: Member of the European Union Network on Fundamental Rights
  • 2002 – 2005: Expert for the parties in two arbitration cases in proceedings under UNCITRAL and ICC rules
  • 2001 – Founding Editor-in-chief of “Baltic Yearbook of International Law”
  • Member of editorial boards at the journals “International Journal on Minority and Group Rights” and “Romanian Human Rights Quarterly”
  • Lecturer, expert, invited key-note speaker on international law, human rights and rule of law at summer schools, training courses, seminars, conferences, etc., in Austria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Moldova, North Ireland, Norway, Poland, the Russian Federation, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, United States of America and Uzbekistan.

 

EDUCATION

  • 1999: Doctor of Law (Ph.D.), the Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge (United Kingdom), doctoral thesis “State Continuity and Citizenship in the Baltic States: Aspects of International and Constitutional Law” (supervised by Prof. James Crawford)
  • 1998: Recipient of a research grant by the Nordic Council of Ministers at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute, the Faculty of Law, University of Lund (Sweden)
  • 1998: Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the University of Connecticut School of Law and the New York University School of Law, Global Law School Program (US)
  • 1997: Visiting Scholar at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Max Planck Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht) (Germany)
  • 1995–1996: Recipient of Chewening scholarship of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office at the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
  • 1994: Master of International Law (M.I.L.), the Raoul Wallenberg Institute, the Faculty of Law, University of Lund (Sweden), master’s theses “International Legal Status of the Republic of Latvia”
  • 1993: Post-diploma studies of the US legal system, law and politics of the European Community, and political science at the University of Aarhus (Denmark)
  • 1993: Diploma of a lawyer (law degree), the Faculty of Law, University of Latvia
  • 1988: graduated from Eleja Secondary School, awarded Gold Medal for Academic Excellence


DISTINCTIONS

  • Highest order of the Republic of Latvia - Order of the Three Stars (Class IV), 4 May 2014
  • Medal of the Judicial System of Latvia (First Degree), 3 May 2018
  • Recognition of the Cabinet of Ministers for significant contribution to the development of the Latvian legal system, 18 October 2016
  • Recognition of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Latvia, 13 June 2008


LANGUAGES

  • Latvian (mother tongue)
  • English, French and Russian (fluent)
  • German and Swedish (reading)

 

PUBLICATIONS

Books:

  • Separate Opinions at the European Court of Human Rights. Riga: Riga Graduate School of Law, 2017, 335 p.
  • State Continuity and Nationality in International Law: Baltic States and Russia. Past, Present and Future as Defined by International Law. Leiden, Boston: Martinus Nijhoof Publishers, 2005, 424 p. (Review by Dr. Yael Ronen http://www.europeanlaawbooks.org/reviews/detail.asp?id=304; entered into the catalogue of the US Library of Congress)
  • International Law and Human Rights in Latvia. Abstraction or Reality. Rīga: Tiesu Namu Aģentūra, 2005, 478 p.
  • The Council of Europe – Latvia's Partner in European Affairs. Institute for Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 1996, 85 p.

Edited books:

  • How International Law Works in Times of Crisis. G. Ulrich and I. Ziemele (eds.). European Society of International Law Series. Oxford University Press, 2019
  • The Impact of the ECHR on the Democratization Process in Central and Eastern Europe: Judicial Perspectives. I. Motoc and I. Ziemele (eds.). Cambridge University Press, 2016
  • Making Peoples Heard. Essays on Human Rights in Honour of Gudmundur Alfredsson. A.Eide, J.Th.Moller, I.Ziemele (eds.). Leiden, Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2011
  • Reservations to Human Rights Treaties and the Vienna Convention Regime: Conflict, Harmony or Reconciliation. Boston, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoof Publishers, 2004, 319 p. (Review in European Journal in International Law, 2006, Vol. 17). (entered into the catalogue of the US Library of Congress)
  • Expanding the Horizon of Human Rights Law: New Authors, New Themes. Leiden, Boston: Martinus Nijhoof Publishers, 2004, 289 p. (entered into the catalogue of the US Library of Congress)
  • Aspects of Integrating Minorities in Latvia. LU Cilvēktiesību institūts: Rīga, 2001, 101 p.
  • What Employees of Public Administration Should Know in a State Governed by the Rule of Law. SIA "N.I.M.S.": Riga, 2000, 119 p. (author of sections I, II, and III)
  • Human Rights Globally and in Latvia. SIA "Izglītības soļi": Riga, 2000, 409 p. (author of sections 1.5, 1.6, 4, 5.1, 5.2, 5.4, 5.5, 5.7)
  • Exercising Human Rights in Latvia: Court and the Administrative Procedure. LU Cilvēktiesību institūts: Rīga, 1998, 138 p.

 

Contributions to Books:

  • Constitutional Courts as Lock-Gates in the Globalized World, in The Role of Constitutional Courts in the Globalised World of the 21st Century. Rīga: Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia, 2019, pp. 183-193
  • Article 68, in Commentaries to the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. Chapter V. Rīga: Latvijas Vēstnesis, 2019
  • European Consensus and International Law, in The European Convention on Human Rights and General International Law. Van Aken A., Motoc I. (Eds.). Oxford: Oxford University, 2018, pp. 23–40
  • State Continuity in Theory and Practice, in Nepārtrauktības doktrīna Latvijas vēstures kontekstā. Rīga: LZA Baltijas stratēģisko pētījumu centrs, 2017, pp. 15–57
  • International Treaty Obligations of the Republic of Latvia, in Nepārtrauktības doktrīna Latvijas vēstures kontekstā. Rīga: LZA Baltijas stratēģisko pētījumu centrs, 2017, pp. 384–392
  • International Law Dimension: legal certainty and legitimate expectation in international law. Recent Developments, in Vispārējie tiesību principi: tiesiskā drošība un tiesiskā paļāvība. Valsts pārvalde. Bizness. Jurisprudence. Rakstu krājums. Balodis R. (ed.). Rīga: Tiesu namu aģentūra, 2017, pp. 31-49
  • A room for 'state continuity' in international law? A constitutionalist perspective, in State, Sovereignty and State Responsibility. Ch. Chinkin and F. Baetens (eds.). Cambridge University Press, 2015
  • How International Law Matters for the European Court of Human Rights, in El Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos: una visión desde dentro: en homenaje al Juez Josep Casadevall. Luis López Guerra [et al.]. Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2015
  • State succession and issues of nationality and statelessness, in Nationality and Statelessness under International Law. A. Edwards and L. Waas (eds.). Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 217-246
  • Article 3, in Commentaries to the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. Chapter I. Rīga: Latvijas Vēstnesis, 2014
  • Nationality and Third-Country Nationals, in The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on Sixty Years of Case-law. A. Rosas et al (eds.). Asser Press, Springer, 2013, pp. 471-483
  • The Seventh Part of Article 1 and Article 15, in Commentaries to the Administrative Procedure Law. Rīga: Tiesu namu aģentūra, 2013
  • European Court of Human Rights and Custom, in The judge and international custom. Council of Europe, 2012, pp. 75-83
  • Other rules of international law and the European Court of Human Rights: a question of a simple collateral benefit? in La Convention europeenne des droits de l’homme, un instrument vivant/ The European Convention on Human Rights, a living instrument. Essays in Honour of Christos L. Rozakis, D. Spielmann et al (eds.). Bruylant, 2011, pp. 741-758
  •  Article 114, in Commentaries to the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. Chapter VIII. Fundamental Human Rights. Rīga: Latvijas Vēstnesis, 2011, pp. 695-715
  • Arguments of European Law in Latvia’s Domestic and Foreign Policy, in The European Union and State Governed by the Rule of Law: Latvia’s Experience. Rīga: Rīgas Juridiskā augstskola, 2009, pp. 26-34
  • Legitimacy of the Vision: Central and Eastern Europe, in Select Proceedings of the European Society of International Law. Volume I. Helene Ruiz Fabri, Emmanuelle Jouannet, Vincent Tomkiewicz (eds.). Oxford and Portland, Oregon: Hart Publishing, 2008, pp. 139-149. (British Library Catalogue)
  • International Courts and Ultra Vires Acts, in Liber Amicorum Luzius Wildhaber. Human Rights - Strasbourg Views. L. Caflisch et al (eds.). N.P.Engel, Publisher, 2007, pp. 537-556
  • Jurisdiction and Rulings of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia in connection with Initiation of Cases in the Light of the First Part of Article 35 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights, in ULTRA VIRES Doctrine in the Case Law of Constitutional Courts. Initiating a Case at the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia. Collection of Materials of 2007 Conference of the Constitutional Court. Riga: Tiesu namu aģentūra, 2008, pp. 124- 136
  • A Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child:  Article 7. The Right to Birth Registration, Name and Nationality, and the Right to Know and Be Cared for by Parents. A.Alen, J Vande Lanotte et al (eds.), Leiden, Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2007, 31 p. (entered into the catalogue of the US Library of Congress)
  • Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights and Integrity of International Law, in L 'influence des sources sur l'unite et la fragmentation du droit international. Huesa Vinaixa R. and Wellens K. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 2006, pp. 187-220
  • Latvia in the United Nations Organisation and the Council of Europe. The Use of Possibilities Provided by International Law, in Zinātniski pētnieciski raksti 1(2). Stratēģiskas analīzes komisija. Rīga: Zinātne, 2005, pp. 19-40
  • Latvia’s Role in Legal Reinforcement of Security and Peace. Does International Law and Organisations Matter? in Latvia Europe: Vision of the Future. T. Jundzis (ed.), Latvijas Zinātņu akadēmijas Baltijas stratēģisko pētījumu centrs: Riga, 2004, pp. 31-55
  • The Role of Legal Science in Defining National Interests. The Case of International Law, in Zinātniski pētnieciskie raksti 1/2004. Stratēģiskas analīzes komisija. Rīga: Zinātne, 2004, pp. 47-58
  • State Continuity, Human Rights and Nationality in the Baltic States, in The Baltic States at Historical Crossroads. T. Jundzis (ed.), 2nd edition, 2001, pp. 224-248
  • Die Ausgestaltung des Minderheitenschutzes in Lettland: ein Lehrstück für Europa, in Minderheitenschutz in Mittel- und Osteuropa. G. Manssen & B. Banaszak (eds.). 2001, pp. 65-94
  • Latvia’s Claim of State Continuity in the Declaration of 4 May and the Consequences thereof in International Law, in The 4th of May. Collection of Articles, Recollections and Documents on the Declaration of Independence.         T. Jundzis (ed.). LU žurnāla "Latvijas Vēsture" fonds: Riga, 2000, pp. 80-90
  • Documents on International Recognition of the State of Latvia, Restoration of Independence and Diplomatic Relations. Latvijas arhīvistu biedrība, Latvijas Ārlietu ministrija, Latvijas Valsts vēstures arhīvs: Rīga, 1999, pp. 127-174, 187- 210
  • Article 15 (co-authored with Gunnar Schram), in Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Common Standard of Achievement. G. Alfredsson and A. Eide (eds.), 1999, pp. 297-324 (also published in Chinese)
  • The Citizenship Issue in the Republic of Latvia. Book: Citizenship and Nationality Status in the New Europe. S. O'Leary and T. Tiilikainen (eds.), 1998, pp. 187-204
  • The Role of State Continuity and Human Rights in Nationality Matters of the Baltic States, in The Baltic States at Historical Crossroads: Problems of Political, Economical, and Legal International Co-operation in Awaiting the 21st Century. T.Jundzis (ed.), 1998, pp. 248-271
  • Incorporation and Implementation of Human Rights in Latvia, in International Human Rights Norms in the Nordic and Baltic Countries. M. Scheinin ed., 1996, pp. 73-111
  • The International Legal Status of the Republic of Latvia, in International Organisations. International Treaties. Saeimas Ārlietu komisija, Rīga, 1995
  • The Rank of Human Rights within the Hierarchy of Latvian Legal Norms, in Reform of the Constitution in Latvia: Pros and Cons. Sociāli ekonomisko pētījumu institūts Latvija, Rīga, 1995, pp. 60-69

 

Articles in legal journals:

  • The State of Liberal Democracy: Latvia (by A.Spale, L.Jurcena, I.Ziemele), in 2017 Global Review of Constitutional Law. R.Albert, D.Landau, P.Faraguna et al (eds.). I-CONnect-Clough Center for the Study of Constitutional Democracy at Boston College, 2018, pp. 172-176
  • Ames Souvages. Jurista Vārds, 07.08.2018., No. 32, p.35
  • Constitutional Courts as Lock-Gates in a Globalized World. Jurista Vārds, 13.11.2018. No. 46, pp.8-12 
  • Audit of Rule of Law: Is Latvia a Rule of Law State. Jurista Vārds, 07.11.2017. No. 46, pp.12-15 
  • Place of the ECHR in the Case Law of the Constitutional Court. Jurista Vārds, 16.05.2017., No. 21, pp.13-16 
  • Vulnerable global order. Jurista Vārds, 02.05.2017. No. 19, pp. 8-10
  • Improving legislative process: new constitutional body. Jurista Vārds, 07.03.2017. No. 10, pp. 10-13 
  • On the way to the constitutionally ideal Latvia. Jurista Vārds, 14.02.2017. No.7, pp.8-19 
  • State succession, citizenship and statelessness. Jurista Vārds, 08.05.2017. No. 19, pp. 27-38 
  • Role of Constitutional Court in Protecting and Applying Legal Principles. Jurista Vārds, 21.11.2017. No. 48, pp. 20-24 
  • Acceptance of a Claim for State Continuity: A question of International Law and its Consequences. Journal of the University of Latvia “Law”, No. 9, 2016, pp. 39-47
  • Reservations to Human Rights Treaties: From Draft Guideline 3.1.12 to Guideline 3.1.5.6 (co-authored with Lāsma Liede). European Journal of International Law, Volume 24, No. 4, 2013, pp. 1135-1152
  • Von Hannover Case 2 and the European Judicial Dialogue and Judicial Culture. Latvijas Republikas Augstākās Tiesas Biļetens, No. 5, 2012, pp.31-33
  • The Principle of Compensating for a Breach of Rights in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and in Latvia. Latvijas Republikas Augstākās tiesas Biļetens, No. 1, 2010, pp. 36-40
  • Human Rights Violations by Private Persons and Entities: The Case-Law of International Human Rights Courts and Monitoring Bodies. European University Institute Working Papers, AEL 2009/8
  • The State Border between Latvia and Russia and the Doctrine of Continuity of the Republic of Latvia. International and Constitutional Law in Interaction. Baltic Yearbook of International Law, Volume 9, 2009, pp. 95-132. (Published also in Latvian Jurista Vārds, no. 27 (532), 22.07.2008)
  • The Issue of Border Agreement between Latvia and Russia and the Doctrine of Continuity of Latvia. Book: Border Agreement. Judgement. Materials. CommentariesJurista Vārds 27 (532). 22.07.2008. Republished in Robežlīgums. Spriedums. Materiāli. Komentāri, Rīga: Latvijas Vēstnesis, 2009., pp. 524-562. In English: Baltic Yearbook of International Law, vol. 9, 2009, pp. 95-132
  • Jurisdiction and Rulings of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia in connection with Initiation of Cases in the Light of the First Part of Article 35 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights. Satversmes tiesas konferenču materiāli, 2007, pp. 124-136
  • Notes to the Prepared Draft Decision (on State Border). Jurista Vārds 5 (458). 30.01.2007. Also in a book: Robežlīgums. Spriedums. Materiāli. Komentāri, Rīga: Latvijas Vēstnesis, 2009, pp. 60-64
  • The Substantiation for the Need to Introduce Some Amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia in Connection with Integration of the European Union Law into the Legal System of Latvia. Law and Rights, 2004, pp. 66-70
  • Prohibition of Racial Discrimination of the Latvian Legal System and Practice. Duties and Responsibility of the Legislator, Courts, Public Administration, and the Prosecutor’s Office. Law and Rights, 2004, p. 30
  • Review of P. Radan's book ‘The Break-up of Yugoslavia and International Law’. European Journal of International Law, 2004, pp. 600-603
  • State Continuity, Succession and Responsibility. Reparations to the Baltic States and their Peoples? Baltic Yearbook of International Law, vol. 3, 2003, pp. 165-189
  • Citizenship of the European Union and the Non-Citizens of Latvia (co-authored with Kristīne Krūma). Jurista Vārds, 16.09.2003, No. 33 (291)
  • Is the distinction between State continuity and State succession reality or fiction? The Russian Federation, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Germany.  Baltic Yearbook of International Law, vol. 1, 2001, pp. 191-222
  • General aspects of nationality and human rights in relation to state succession.  CoE Doc CONF/NAT (2001) PRO, 2"d European Conference on Nationality 'Challenges to national and international law on nationality at the beginning of the new millennium', Strasbourg, 8 - 9 October 2001, pp. 149-171.  Republished in Law and Rights, 2002, Volume 4, no. 8 (36), pp. 228-239
  • The European Union – Positive Challenge for the Constitution. Law and Rights, Volume 3, 2001, pp. 70-77                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
  • The Right to Freedom of Expression under Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The European Convention on Human Rights: A Way and a Method of New Democratic Thinking. Baku: Institute on Human Rights of the Academy of Sciences, 2000, pp. 6-18 (in Azeri)
  • The European Convention on Human Rights and the Central and Eastern European Member States of the Council of Europe: an Overview (co-authored with Jeroen Schokkenbroek). Nederlands Juristenblad, 2000, pp. 1914 - 1920
  • The Role of International Organisations in Strengthening Human Rights Performances in the Baltic Sea Region. German Yearbook of International Law, 2000, pp. 9-37
  • Review of Talmon's book on Recognition of Governments in International Law: With Particular Reference to Governments in Exile. European Journal of International Law, 1999, pp. 640-643
  • State Continuity and the Right to Property: A Commentary on the Constitutional Court Judgment.  Latvian Human Rights Quarterly (7 – 10), 1999, pp. 261-268
  • Questions Concerning Genocide. A Note on the Supreme Court Judgment. 7 – 10 Latvian Human Rights Quarterly, 1999, pp. 327-341
  • The Dilemma of Language Use in Latvia: Obligation and Necessity. Latvian Human Rights Quarterly, 1998, No. 5/6, pp. 29-45
  • Relations between the International and the Latvian National Law. Apvienotais Juristu Žurnāls (5), Cilvēktiesību Žurnāls (6), 1998, pp.54-70
  • Commentary to the Case No.2-2324/7 (1998). Latvian Human Rights Quarterly (3/4), pp. 131-136
  • The Application of International Law in the Baltic States. German Yearbook of International Law (40), 1997, pp. 243-279
  • Article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Emerging Democracies in the Baltic States. Latvian Human Rights Quarterly, 1997, pp. 20-38
  • Mechanisms for Embodying Human Rights in Latvia. Cilvēktiesību Žurnāls. Volume 1, 1996, pp. 54-67
  • Commentaries on the Initial Report by the Republic of Latvia on the Implementation of the International Covenant on Civic and Political Rights.  Cilvēktiesību Žurnāls, Volume 2, 1996
  • The Constitutional Court – Measure for Integrations or Self-isolation or Some Reflections in Connections with the Constitutional Court Law. Latvijas Vēstnesis, 1996
  • Commentary on the Law “On International Agreements of the Republic of Latvia”. Juristu Žurnāls, Volume 1, 1994, pp. 3-16
  • Succession or Continuity of the State of Latvia. Latvijas Jurists, no. 2 (36), 1994

 

 

 

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