Promoting efficient functionning of state institutions
and public administration
The project “Promote efficient functioning of state institutions and public administration” aims to promote efficient functioning of state institutions and public administration in accordance with European and other international standards in the Central Asia partner countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan).
Main objectives of the project:
- to support the development and adoption by the parliaments of relevant legislation in the field of rule of law, separation of powers and the judiciary, in line with international standards;
- to support the development of new legislation in the field of administrative law and justice, including the reform of public administration and Alternative Dispute Resolution;
- to increase professional capacities of representatives of public administration and the judiciary.
The project is implemented by the Venice Commission in the framework of the Joint EU/Council of Europe Central Asia Rule of Law Programme. The Programme aims to reinforce human rights, rule of law and democracy in Central Asian countries in accordance with European and other international standards by offering assistance to reform processes, based on a demand-driven approach. The Programme is open to all Central Asian countries wishing to benefit from the Council of Europe expertise and meeting the conditions for co-operation.
- Duration - 48 months (1 January 2020 – 31 December 2023)
- Place/country - Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)
- Budget - 1 788 433 €
- Funding - European Union (EU) and Council of Europe (CoE)
- Programme’s website - English, Russian
- Programme’s overview - English, Russian
The project will consider the opinions and recommendations of the Venice Commission as well as the results of the activities implemented in the framework of the Rule of Law Platform (in particular on constitutional, criminal and administrative law and on legal training). The project will target not only the institutional support but also some of the crucial human rights issues (such as access to justice, right to a fair trial, etc.), which are essential for the rule of law. In partner countries where legal and judicial reforms are well under way, in an effort to build synergies with initiatives funded by the European Union or other international and national donors, the project will seek the engagement of civil society and professional communities to assess the on-going reforms and recommend measures to improve their implementation.
Since 2007, the Venice Commission has established a very good level of co-operation with national institutions of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, in various fields with funding provided by the European Union as well as by voluntary contributions from some Council of Europe member states.
The Venice Commission has been assisting these countries in conducting reforms in line with international standards, notably in the field of the rule of law. It has an important tool in this field —The rule of law checklist, adopted in 2016, which provides a comprehensive list of criteria which could be used as reference in conducting reforms by the countries of the region. In the last seven years, the Venice Commission has prepared several opinions upon request from the national authorities of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, for example:
- 739/2013 - Tajikistan - Opinion on the draft Code of Judicial Ethics (English, Russian)
- 765/2014 - Tajikistan - Opinion on draft Constitutional Law on the Constitutional Court (English, Russian)
- 863/2016 - Kyrgyz Republic - Opinion on the draft law on introduction of amendments and changes to the Constitution (English, Russian)
- 871/2017 - Kazakhstan - Opinion on the draft law on administrative procedures (English)
- 882/2017 - Kazakhstan - Opinion on the draft amendments to the Constitution of Kazakhstan (English)
- 931/2018 - Kazakhstan - Opinion on the draft Code of Administrative Procedure and Justice Code (English, Russian)
- 933/2018 - Uzbekistan - Joint Opinion on the draft election code (English, Russian)
- 938/2018 - Kazakhstan - Opinion on the Concept Paper on the High Judicial Council (English)
- 982/2020 - Kyrgyzstan - Opinion on the amendments to some legislative acts related to sanctions for violation of electoral legislation (English)