Co-operation with Central Asia
Since 2007, the Venice Commission has established good co-operation with the national institutions of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, notably in the framework of several projects with funding provided by the European Union as well as some member states.
List of projects:
2009 – 2011 “Rule of Law project” (funded by EU and Germany)
2010 – 2011 “Assistance to the authorities in reforming the legislation of Kyrgyzstan following the constitutional referendum of 27 June 2010” (funded by EU)
2011 – 2012 “Support to the electoral process in Kazakhstan” (funded by EU)
2012 -2014 “Supporting Constitutional Justice, access to justice and electoral reform in the countries of Central Asia” (funded by EU)
2012 – 2014 “Equal before law: access to justice for vulnerable groups” (funded by Finland)
2013 – 2015 “Support to the Kyrgyz authorities in improving the quality and efficiency of the Kyrgyz Constitutional justice system”
The Venice Commission was one of the first organisations to start targeted co-operation on rule of law issues with the countries of Central Asia. Based on its reputation as an independent and impartial instrument of legal co-operation, the Venice Commission managed to build very good working relations with different State institutions in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Although at a lesser level, representatives of Turkmenistan were involved in several multilateral activities of the Venice Commission.
In 2010 – 2017 the Venice Commission has prepared several opinions upon request from national authorities of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. For example, the Commission adopted opinions on the amendments to the Constitution of Kyrgyzstan (2016) on the amendments to the Constitution of Kazakhstan and on the draft law of the Republic of Kazakhstan on administrative procedures (both documents adopted in March 2017).
List of opinions prepared by the Venice Commission:
Following the positive results of the Joint EU/CoE Venice Commission Regional Rule of Law programme in Central Asia (2010-2014), authorities of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan expressed their wish to continue working with the Venice Commission.
Since February 2017, the Venice Commission started the implementation of a new project in the electoral field in Kyrgyzstan. The project is aimed at helping the country’s authorities in the elaboration of a comprehensive strategy and in the process of reform of the electoral legislation and practice in accordance with international standards by making tools and expertise available to national institutions involved in the electoral reform.