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Members of the Venice Commission

Member

Albania

  • Ms Aurela ANASTAS
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tirana
  • Mr Artur METANI (Substitute member)
    Deputy General Secretary, Director of Department of Legislation, Monitoring of Programmes and Anticorruption, Council of Ministers

Algeria

Andorra

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Chile

Costa Rica

Croatia

  • Ms Jasna OMEJEC
    Professor of Administrative Law, Law Faculty, University of Zagreb
  • Mr Toma GALLI (Substitute member)
    Director, Directorate of International Law, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Georgia

  • Mr Mindia UGREKHELIDZE
    Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights, Professor, Head of the Department for Legal Studies, Caucasus International University
  • Mr Alexander BARAMIDZE (Substitute member)
    First Deputy Minister of Justice

Germany

Greece

Hungary

  • Mr András Zs. VARGA
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor, Pázmány Péter Catholic University Faculty of Law and Political Sciences
  • Mr András MÁZI (Substitute member)
    Head of Department of Constitutional Law, Ministry of Justice

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

  • Mr Dan MERIDOR
    Lawyer, Former Prime Minister and Minister of Justice
  • Mr Barak MEDINA (Substitute member)
    Dean, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Italy

Kazakhstan

Korea, Republic

Kosovo

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

  • Mr Aivars ENDZIŅŠ
    Former President of the Constitutional Court, Head of the Department of Public Law, Turiba School of Business Administration
  • Mr Gunars KŪTRIS (Substitute member)
    Former President, Constitutional Court, Member of Parliament

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

  • Mr Michael FRENDO
    Vice-President of the Venice Commission, Former Speaker, House of Representatives

Mexico

Moldova, Republic of

Monaco

  • Mr Bertrand MATHIEU
    Professor, Faculty of Law, Sorbonne-University Paris I, Senior Member of the Council of State, Vice-President of IACL
  • Mr Christophe SOSSO (Substitute member)
    Defence Lawyer, Court of Appeal

Montenegro

  • Mr Srdjan DARMANOVIC
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Montenegro
  • Mr Zoran PAZIN (Substitute member)
    Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Justice

Morocco

Netherlands

  • Mr Ben VERMEULEN
    Member and Judge, Dutch Council of State, Professor of Education Law, Radboud University Nijmegen
  • Mr Martin KUIJER (Substitute member)
    Senior Legal Adviser, Ministry of Security and Justice, Professor, VU University Amsterdam

Norway

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Romania

  • Mr Tudorel TOADER
    Minister of Justice, Former Judge, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Bogdan Lucian AURESCU (Substitute member)
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, Member of the UN International Law Commission, Presidential Advisor for Foreign Policy

Russia

  • Ms Taliya KHABRIEVA
    Academician, Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law
  • M. Anatoli KOVLER (Substitute member)
    Head of the Center of Legal Problems of Integration and International Co-operation, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Lawstitute for Legislation and Comparative Law, Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights

San Marino

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

  • Mr Ciril RIBIČIČ
    Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Ljubljana, Former Justice and Vice President of the Constitutional Court
  • Mr Aleš GALIČ (Substitute member)
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Tunisia

Turkey

Ukraine

  • Mr Serhiy HOLOVATY
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor of Constitutional Law, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, President, Ukrainian Legal Foundation

United Kingdom

United States of America

Associate Member

Belarus

Observer

Argentina

Canada

Holy See

Japan

  • Mr Kosuke YUKI
    Consul, Consulate General of Japan in Strasbourg, liaison officer, Supreme Court

Uruguay

Special status

Palestinian National Authority

South Africa

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