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  World Conference on Constitutional Justice - 109 members !
 
 

With the accession of the Supreme Court of Swaziland, the Federal Court of Malaysia, the Constitutional Court of the Central African Republic and the Council of Constitutional Inquiry of Ethiopia, the World Conference on Constitutional Justice has 109 members !

 

Upon invitation by the Constitutional Court of Lithuania, the 4th Congress of the World Conference on "the Rule of Law and Constitutional Justice in the Modern World" will be held in in Vilnius, Republic of Lithuania, on 11-14 September 2017.

 

The World Conference on Constitutional Justice unites 109 Constitutional Courts and Councils and Supreme Courts in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Australia/Oceania and Europe. It promotes constitutional justice – understood as constitutional review including human rights case-law – as a key element for democracy, the protection of human rights and the rule of law (Article 1.2 of the Statute).


According to its Statute, has three organs, the General Assembly, the Bureau and the Secretariat. The General Assembly is chaired by the Host Court of the Congress. The next host is the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania. The presidency of the Bureau is ensured for one year by rotation between the groups. The Presidency of the Bureau is therefore not that of an individual Court but of a group of Courts. Since 21 September 2016, the presidency of the Bureau is exercised by the Conference of African Constitutional Jurisdictions. It is up to the groups to designate their representative. The Venice Commission acts as the Secretariat of the World Conference

The World Conference pursues its objectives through the organisation of regular congresses, by participating in regional conferences and seminars, by sharing experiences and case-law and by offering good services to members on their request (Article 1.2 of the Statute).

 

The main purpose of the World Conference is to facilitate judicial dialogue between constitutional judges on a global scale. Due to the obligation of judicial restraint, constitutional judges sometimes have little occasion to conduct a constructive dialogue on constitutional principles in their countries. The exchanges that take place between judges from various parts of the world in the World Conference furthers reflection on arguments, which promote the basic goals inherent to national constitutions. Even if these texts often differ substantially, discussion on the underlying constitutional concepts unites constitutional judges from various parts of the world committed to promoting constitutionality in their own country.

 

As these judges sometimes find themselves in situations of conflict with other state powers because of decisions they had to hand down based on the Constitution, being part of the World Conference provides them with a forum that not only allows them to exchange information freely with their peers, but where judges from other countries can also offer moral support. This can be important in upholding constitutional principles, which the judges are called upon to defend in their line of work.

 

The Courts and Councils, members of and committed to the principles of the World Conference may see their membership suspended by the General Assembly of the World Conference in case of flagrant violation of these principles.
 

The following Courts or Councils have given written notification about their accession to the Venice Commission, which acts as the Secretariat of the World Conference (status 12 May 2017):

1.         Albania, Constitutional Court
2.         Algeria, Constitutional Council
3.         Andorra, Constitutional Court
4.         Angola, Constitutional Court
5.         Armenia, Constitutional Court
6.         Australia, High Court
7.         Austria, Constitutional Court
8.         Azerbaijan, Constitutional Court
9.         Bahrain, Constitutional Court
10.       Belarus, Constitutional Court
11.       Belgium, Constitutional Court
12.       Benin, Constitutional Court
13.       Bosnia and Herzegovina, Constitutional Court
14.       Brazil, Federal Supreme Court
15.       Bulgaria, Constitutional Court
16.       Burkina Faso, Constitutional Council
17.       Burundi, Constitutional Court
18.       Cambodia, Constitutional Council
19.       Cameroun, Supreme Court
20.       Canada, Supreme Court
21.       Cape Verde, Constitutional Court
22.       Central African Republic, Constitutional Court new
23.       Chad, Constitutional Council
24.       Chile, Constitutional Court
25.       Colombia, Constitutional Court
26.       Comoros, Constitutional Court
27.       Congo (Brazzaville), Constitutional Court
28.       Congo, Democratic Republic, Constitutional Court
29.       Costa Rica, Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court
30.       Côte d'Ivoire, Constitutional Council
31.       Croatia, Constitutional Court
32.       Cyprus, Supreme Court
33.       Czech Republic, Constitutional Court
34.       Denmark, Supreme Court
35.       Djibouti, Constitutional Council
36.       Dominican Republic, Constitutional Court
37.       Ecuador, Constitutional Court
38.       Egypt, Supreme Constitutional Court
39.       Estonia, Supreme Court
40.       Ethiopia, Council of Constitutional Inquiry new
41.       Finland, Supreme Administrative Court
42.       France, Constitutional Council
43.       Gabon, Constitutional Court
44.       Georgia, Constitutional Court
45.       Germany, Federal Constitutional Court
46.       Ghana, Supreme Court
47.       Guinea, Constitutional Court
48.       Guinea-Bissau, Supreme Court of Justice
49.       Hungary, Constitutional Court
50.       Indonesia, Constitutional Court
51.       Israel, Supreme Court
52.       Italy, Constitutional Court
53.       Jordan, Constitutional Court
54.       Kazakhstan, Constitutional Council
55.       Korea, Republic, Constitutional Court
56.       Kosovo, Constitutional Court
57.       Kuwait, Constitutional Court
58.       Kyrgyzstan, Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court
59.       Latvia, Constitutional Court
60.       Lithuania, Constitutional Court
61.       Lebanon, Constitutional Council
62.       Luxembourg, Constitutional Court
63.       Macedonia, Constitutional Court
64.       Madagascar, High Constitutional Court
65.       Malaysia, Federal Court new
66.       Mali, Constitutional Court
67.       Mauritania, Constitutional Council
68.       Mauritius, Supreme Court
69.       Mexico, Supreme Court
70.       Mexico, Electoral Court of the Federal Judiciary
71.       Moldova, Constitutional Court
72.       Mongolia, Constitutional Court
73.       Monaco, Supreme Court
74.       Montenegro, Constitutional Court
75.       Morocco, Constitutional Council
76.       Mozambique, Constitutional Council
77.       Namibia, Supreme Court
78.       Netherlands, Council of State
79.       Netherlands, Supreme Court
80.       Nicaragua, Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court
81.       Niger, Constitutional Court
82.       Norway, Supreme Court
83.       Pakistan, Supreme Court
84.       Peru, Constitutional Court
85.       Poland, Constitutional Tribunal
86.       Portugal, Constitutional Court
87.       Romania, Constitutional Court
88.       Russia, Constitutional Court
89.       Samoa, Supreme Court
90.       São Tomé and Príncipe, Supreme Court / Constitutional Court
91.       Senegal, Constitutional Council
92.       Serbia, Constitutional Court
93.       Seychelles, Supreme Court
94.       Slovakia, Constitutional Court
95.       Slovenia, Constitutional Court
96.       South Africa, Constitutional Court
97.       Spain, Constitutional Court
98.       Swaziland, Supreme Court new
99.       Sweden, Supreme Administrative Court
100.     Switzerland, Federal Court
101.     Tajikistan, Constitutional Court
102.     Tanzania, Court of Appeal
103.     Thailand, Constitutional Court
104.     Togo, Constitutional Court
105.     Turkey, Constitutional Court
106.     Uganda, Supreme Court
107.     Ukraine, Constitutional Court
108.     Uzbekistan, Constitutional Court
109.     Zambia, Supreme Court
 

 

 

 

History of the World Conference:

 

Since 1996, the Venice Commission has established co-operation with a number of regional or language based groups of constitutional courts, in particular the Conference of European Constitutional Courts, the Association of Constitutional Courts using the French Language, the Southern African Judges Commission, the Conference of Constitutional Control Organs of Countries of New Democracy, the Association of Asian Constitutional Courts and Equivalent Institutions, the Union of Arab Constitutional Courts and Councils, the Ibero-American Conference of Constitutional Justice and the Conference of Constitutional Jurisdictions of Africa.
 

In pursuit of the goal of uniting these groups and their members, the Venice Commission had organised a Congress of the World Conference on Constitutional Justice for the first time, held in Cape Town, South Africa on 23-24 January 2009 and hosted by the Constitutional Court of South Africa. This event gathered 9 regional or linguistic groups and some 90 courts.
 

On the basis of a declaration adopted at this occasion, the Venice Commission assisted a Bureau in the establishment of the World Conference as a permanent body. At their first meeting in Mexico, in April 2009, the Bureau prepared a draft statute, which was discussed at other meetings of the Bureau on 12 December 2009 and 5 June 2010 in Venice together with questions of the organisation of a second Congress.
 

Eighty-eight Constitutional Courts, Constitutional Councils and Supreme Courts as well as the 10 regional and linguistic groups of courts from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe gathered for a second Congress of the World Conference on Constitutional Justice on the topic "Separation of Powers and Independence of Constitutional Courts and Equivalent Bodies". This event was hosted by the Federal Supreme Court of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 16-18 January 2011 in co-operation with the Venice Commission.

The draft statute was amended on this occasion and finally adopted at another meeting of the Bureau on 23 May 2011 on the occasion of the XVth Congress of the Conference of European Constitutional Courts.
 

With the accession of more than 30 Constitutional Courts, Constitutional Councils and Supreme Courts exercising constitutional justice, the Statute of the World Conference on Constitutional Justice entered into force on 24 September 2011.

The 3rd Congress of the World Conference on Constitutional Justice on the topic ‘Constitutional Justice and Social Integration’ was hosted by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Korea on 28 September – 1 October 2014. The participants of the 3rd Congress of the World Conference on Constitutional Justice adopted the Seoul Communiqué.

The congress examined how constitutional courts have dealt with social integration and – in its absence – with social conflict. The participating judges were able to draw inspiration from the experience of their peers, whether from positive examples or from cases where the courts were unable to solve these issues.

In addition to the 1st General Assembly of the World Conference, a stock-taking exercise took place during the 3rd Congress on the independence of the constitutional courts.

     

 

 

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