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Members of the Venice Commission

Member

Albania

  • Ms Aurela ANASTAS
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tirana
  • Mr Artur METANI (Substitute member)
    Deputy General Secretary, Director of Department of Legislation, Monitoring of Programmes and Anticorruption, Council of Ministers

Algeria

Andorra

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Chile

Costa Rica

Croatia

  • Ms Jasna OMEJEC
    Former President, Constitutional Court, Professor, Law Faculty, University of Zagreb
  • Mr Toma GALLI (Substitute member)
    Director, Directorate of International Law, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

  • Mr Kaarlo TUORI
    First Vice-President of the Venice Commission, Professor of Jurisprudence, Department of Public Law, University of Helsinki
  • Ms Elina PIRJATANNIEMI (Substitute member)
    Professor, Åbo Akademi University

France

Georgia

Germany

Greece

Hungary

  • Mr Andras Zs. VARGA
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor, Pázmány Péter Catholic University Faculty of Law and Political Sciences
  • Mr Laszlo SZEKELY (Substitute member)
    Commissioner for Fundamental Rights

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Kazakhstan

Korea, Republic

Kosovo

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

  • Mr Aivars ENDZIŅŠ
    Former President of the Constitutional Court, Head of the Department of Public Law, Turiba School of Business Administration
  • Mr Gunars KŪTRIS (Substitute member)
    Former President, Constitutional Court

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Mexico

Moldova, Republic of

Monaco

Montenegro

  • Mr Srdjan DARMANOVIC
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Former Ambassador of Montenegro to the United States of America
  • Mr Zoran PAZIN (Substitute member)
    Minister of Justice

Morocco

  • Mr Khalid NACIRI
    Professor of Constitutional law, former Minister of Communication
  • Mr Ahmed ESSALMI (Substitute member)
    Professor of Constitutional Law, Law Faculty, Hassan II University Casablanca

Netherlands

Norway

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Russia

  • Ms Taliya KHABRIEVA
    Director, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law
  • M. Anatoli KOVLER (Substitute member)
    Senior Researcher, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law, Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights

San Marino

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

  • Mr Ciril RIBIČIČ
    Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Ljubljana, Former Justice and Vice President of the Constitutional Court
  • Mr Aleš GALIČ (Substitute member)
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Tunisia

Turkey

Ukraine

  • Mr Serhiy HOLOVATY
    Founder of the Ukrainian Legal Foundation, Advisor on constitutional issues to the President of the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament)

United Kingdom

United States of America

Associate Member

Belarus

Observer

Argentina

Canada

Holy See

Japan

  • Mr Shun KITAGAWA
    Consul, Consulate General of Japan in Strasbourg, liaison officer, Supreme Court

Uruguay

Special status

Palestinian National Authority

South Africa

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