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Members of the Venice Commission

Member

Albania

  • Mr Sokol BERBERI
    Lecturer, Albanian School of Magistrates, Former Judge, Constitutional Court
  • Ms Elira KOKONA (Substitute member)
    Deputy Secretary General, Council of Ministers of Albania

Algeria

Andorra

  • Mr Pere VILANOVA TRIAS
    Emeritus Professor of Political Science and Constitutional Law, University of Barcelona

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

  • Mr Warren NEWMAN
    Senior General Counsel, Constitutional, Administrative and International Law Section, Department of Justice

Chile

Costa Rica

Croatia

  • Ms Jasna OMEJEC
    Professor of Administrative Law, Law Faculty, University of Zagreb
  • Mr Toma GALLI (Substitute member)
    Director, Directorate of International Law, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

  • Mme Claire BAZY-MALAURIE
    Vice-President of the Venice Commission, Member, Constitutional Council, Former member of the Auditors' Board
  • M. Alain JUPPÉ (Substitute member)
    Member, Constitutional Council

Georgia

  • Mr Mindia UGREKHELIDZE
    Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights, Professor, Head of the Department for Legal Studies, Caucasus International University
  • Mr Gocha LORDKIPANIDZE (Substitute member)
    Deputy Minister of Justice, Minstry of Justice

Germany

  • Ms Angelika NUSSBERGER
    Former Vice-President, European court of Human Rights, Professor, University of Cologne, Director, Institute for Eastern European Law
  • Ms Monika HERMANNS (Substitute member)
    Justice, Federal Constitutional Court

Greece

Hungary

  • Mr András Zs. VARGA
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor, Pázmány Péter Catholic University Faculty of Law and Political Sciences
  • Mr András MÁZI (Substitute member)
    Head of Department of Constitutional Law, Ministry of Justice

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

  • Mr Dan MERIDOR
    Lawyer, Former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Justice
  • Mr Barak MEDINA (Substitute member)
    Dean, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Italy

Kazakhstan

Korea, Republic

  • Mr Suk-Tae LEE
    Justice, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Yonggu LEE (Substitute member)
    Deputy Minister for Legal Affairs, Ministry of Justice
  • Mr Jung-Won KIM (Substitute member)
    Deputy Secretary General, Constitutional Court

Kosovo

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Mexico

Moldova, Republic of

  • M. Alexandru TĂNASE
    Advisor, Programme „Promotion of the Rule of Law in Central Asia”., Former President, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Nicolae EȘANU (Substitute member)
    Legal Advisor to the Prime Minister

Monaco

  • M. Bertrand MATHIEU
    Professor, Faculty of Law, Sorbonne-University Paris I, Senior Member of the Council of State, Vice-President of IACL
  • M. Christophe SOSSO (Substitute member)
    Defence Lawyer, Court of Appeal

Montenegro

  • Mr Srdjan DARMANOVIC
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Montenegro
  • Mr Zoran PAZIN (Substitute member)
    Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Justice

Morocco

Netherlands

  • Mr Ben VERMEULEN
    Member and Judge, Dutch Council of State, Professor of Education Law, Radboud University Nijmegen
  • Mr Martin KUIJER (Substitute member)
    Supreme Court Judge, Professor, VU University Amsterdam

North Macedonia

  • Ms Renata DESKOSKA
    Minister of Justice, Professor of Constitutional Law, Law Faculty, “Iustinianus Primus”, University “Ss Cyril and Methodius”

Norway

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Romania

  • Mr Tudorel TOADER
    Former Minister of Justice, Former Judge, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Bogdan Lucian AURESCU (Substitute member)
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, Member of the UN International Law Commission

Russia

  • Ms Taliya KHABRIEVA
    Academician, Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law
  • M. Anatoli KOVLER (Substitute member)
    Head of the Center of Legal Problems of Integration and International Co-operation, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law, Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights

San Marino

  • Mr Francesco MAIANI
    Professor of EU Law, Law Faculty, University of Lausanne
  • Ms Altea ROSSI (Substitute member)
    Research Intern, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

  • Mr Ciril RIBIČIČ
    Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Ljubljana, Former Justice and Vice President of the Constitutional Court
  • Mr Aleš GALIČ (Substitute member)
    Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Tunisia

Turkey

  • Mr Yavuz ATAR
    Professor of Constitutional Law, Ibn Haldun University
  • Ms Melek SARAL (Substitute member)
    Marie Curie Research Fellow, School of Law, SOAS University of London

Ukraine

  • Mr Serhiy HOLOVATY
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor of Constitutional Law, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, President, Ukrainian Legal Foundation

United Kingdom

United States of America

Associate Member

Belarus

Observer

Argentina

Holy See

Japan

Uruguay

Special status

European Union

  • Mr Lucio GUSSETTI
    Director – Principal Legal Adviser, European Commission - Legal Service - CFSP and External relations Team
  • Ms Mihaela CARPUS CARCEA
    Legal Advisor, European Commission - Legal Service CFSP and External relations Team

Palestine* This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of Council of Europe member States on this issue.

South Africa

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