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Members of the Venice Commission

Member

Albania

  • Mr Sokol BERBERI
    Lecturer, Albanian School of Magistrates, Former Judge, Constitutional Court
  • Ms Elira KOKONA (Substitute member)
    Deputy Secretary General, Council of Ministers of Albania

Algeria

Andorra

  • Mr Pere VILANOVA TRIAS
    Emeritus Professor of Political Science and Constitutional Law, University of Barcelona

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Canada

  • Mr Warren NEWMAN
    Senior General Counsel, Constitutional Law, Department of Justice

Chile

Costa Rica

Croatia

  • Ms Jasna OMEJEC
    Professor of Administrative Law, Law Faculty, University of Zagreb
  • Mr Toma GALLI (Substitute member)
    Director, Directorate of International Law, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

  • Mme Claire BAZY MALAURIE
    Vice-President of the Venice Commission, Member, Constitutional Council, Former member of the Auditors' Board
  • M. Alain JUPPÉ (Substitute member)
    Member, Constitutional Council

Georgia

  • Mr Mindia UGREKHELIDZE
    Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights, Professor, Head of the Department for Legal Studies, Caucasus International University
  • Mr Gocha LORDKIPANIDZE (Substitute member)
    Deputy Minister of Justice, Minstry of Justice

Germany

  • Ms Angelika NUSSBERGER
    Former Vice-President, European court of Human Rights, Professor, University of Cologne, Director, Institute for Eastern European Law
  • Ms Monika HERMANNS (Substitute member)
    Justice, Federal Constitutional Court

Greece

Hungary

  • Mr András Zs. VARGA
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor, Pázmány Péter Catholic University Faculty of Law and Political Sciences
  • Mr András MÁZI (Substitute member)
    Deputy State Secretary for relations with Judicial Professions, Ministry of Justice

Iceland

Ireland

Israel

  • Mr Dan MERIDOR
    Lawyer, Former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Justice
  • Mr Barak MEDINA (Substitute member)
    Dean, Faculty of Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Italy

Kazakhstan

Korea, Republic

Kosovo

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Mexico

Moldova, Republic of

  • M. Alexandru TĂNASE
    Advisor, Programme „Promotion of the Rule of Law in Central Asia”., Former President, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Nicolae EȘANU (Substitute member)
    Former Legal Adviser to the Prime Minister

Monaco

  • M. Bertrand MATHIEU
    Professor, Faculty of Law, Sorbonne-University Paris I, Senior Member of the Council of State, Vice-President of IACL
  • M. Christophe SOSSO (Substitute member)
    Defence Lawyer, Court of Appeal

Montenegro

  • Mr Srdjan DARMANOVIC
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor of Comparative Politics, University of Montenegro
  • Mr Zoran PAZIN (Substitute member)
    Former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Justice

Morocco

Netherlands

  • Mr Ben VERMEULEN
    Member and Judge, Dutch Council of State, Professor of Education Law, Radboud University Nijmegen
  • Mr Martin KUIJER (Substitute member)
    Judge, Supreme Court

North Macedonia

  • Ms Renata DESKOSKA
    Professor of Constitutional Law, University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, Law Faculty “Iustinianus Primus”, Former Minister of Justice

Norway

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Romania

  • Mr Tudorel TOADER
    Former Minister of Justice, Former Judge, Constitutional Court
  • Mr Bogdan Lucian AURESCU (Substitute member)
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, Member of the UN International Law Commission

Russia

  • Ms Taliya KHABRIEVA
    Academician, Russian Academy of Sciences, Director, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law
  • M. Anatoli KOVLER (Substitute member)
    Head of the Center of Legal Problems of Integration and International Co-operation, Institute for Legislation and Comparative Law, Former judge at the European Court of Human Rights

San Marino

  • Mr Francesco MAIANI
    Professor of EU Law, Law Faculty, University of Lausanne
  • Ms Altea ROSSI (Substitute member)
    Researcher in international law, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

  • Mr Ernest PETRIČ
    Former Judge and President, Constitutional Court, Former Ambassador, Professor (New University), Senior Adviser to the President of the Republic
  • Ms Verica TRSTENJAK (Substitute member)
    Professor of European Union Law, Former Advocate General, European court of Justice

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Tunisia

Turkey

  • Mr Yavuz ATAR
    Professor of Constitutional Law, Ibn Haldun University
  • Ms Melek SARAL (Substitute member)
    Marie Curie Research Fellow, School of Law, SOAS University of London

Ukraine

  • Mr Serhiy HOLOVATY
    Judge, Constitutional Court, Professor of Constitutional Law, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, President, Ukrainian Legal Foundation

United Kingdom

United States of America

  • Mr Paolo CAROZZA
    Professor of Law and Political Science, University of Notre Dame Law School
  • Mr James P. KELLY III (Substitute member)
    President, Solidarity Center for Law and Justice

Associate Member

Belarus

Observer

Argentina

Holy See

Japan

Uruguay

Special status

European Union

  • Mr Lucio GUSSETTI
    Director – Principal Legal Adviser, European Commission - Legal Service - CFSP and External relations Team
  • Ms Mihaela CARPUS CARCEA
    Legal Advisor, European Commission - Legal Service CFSP and External relations Team

Palestine* This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of Council of Europe member States on this issue.

South Africa

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